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Draw fractals

Learn how to define some fractals rigorously and draw them with Python or APL.

The Python 🐍 problem-solving bootcamp is starting soon. Join the second cohort now!


The aim of this workshop is to show people what the Mandelbrot fractal really is and how to compute it. Not only that, but we also use Python to create a rendering of the Mandelbrot set like the one shown below:

Rendering of the Mandelbrot set.

The program we will write together can zoom in on arbitrary points when you click the fractal, can save screenshots and can even save all the frames it generates, so you can create a GIF like the one above.


During this workshop I teach you how the Mandelbrot set is defined in mathematical terms and then we go over that definition together, to turn it into something that a computer program can compute.

We will be working on our program incrementally, so you'll go through many different renderings of the Mandelbrot set:

A black and white, low resolution image of a fractal.
A gray scale, medium resolution image of a fractal.
A coloured image of a fractal.


If you pay enough attention and if I do my job well enough, by the time the workshop is over, you'll have

  • understood the inner workings of a fractal, from the mathematical point of view;
  • created a program that can compute if a point belongs to the Mandelbrot set or not;
  • understood how to create a program that takes a long time to run but keeps updating the user with information;
  • created a progressive rendering of the Mandelbrot set.


Here is what some participants had to say about the workshop:

 “Really informative, useful and interesting. We learned a lot given the time we had and the availability to answer questions (while also motivating others to chip in) created an amazing environment.” – João F.

It was relaxed, fun and you made everyone feel comfortable (only good vibes!). You explained what we were doing well and the final result looked cool.” – Inês G.

Past sessions

  • Ad-hoc workshop organised with iNIGMA, a student union of maths students from FCUP, Portugal, on the 11th of December of 2020.

Useful links

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